James Hillman, (1926-2011) was the founder of Archetypal Psychology. Dr. Hillman was a leading scholar in Jungian and Post-Jungian thought and an imaginative clinician.
He was considered to be one of the most important radical critics and innovators of contemporary culture.
James Hillman was born in Atlantic City, New Jersey in 1926. He identifies himself as Jewish and European in ancestry.
He served in the US Navy Hospital Corps from 1944–1946, after which he attended the Sorbonne in Paris and Trinity College, Dublin, graduating in 1950.
In 1959, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich, as well as his analyst's diploma from the Jung Institute. He was immediately appointed to the Director of Studies at the Jung Institute, a position he held until 1969. In 1970, Hillman became editor of Spring Publications, a publishing company devoted to advancing Archetypal Psychology as well as publishing books on mythology, philosophy, and art.
His magnum opus, Re-visioning Psychology, was written in 1975 and nominated for the Pulitzer Prize. Hillman then helped co-found the Dallas Institute for Humanities and Culture in 1978. His 1997 book, The Soul's Code: In Search of Character and Calling, was on the The New York Times Best Seller List in 1997. His works and ideas about philosophy and psychology have also been popularized by other modern authors such as Thomas Moore. His papers and book drafts reside at Opus Archives and Research Center, located on the campuses of Pacifica Graduate Institute in Carpinteria, California.